Know your hair type and texture

How to care for your curly and Afro hair? The big question.

There are millions of products out there, and we are overwhelmed with information, constantly looking for the best way to care for our hair in the most natural way possible. Some products help but have side effects, other products might be organic and promise a lot, but still, we end up with dry and dull hair. So what seems to be the problem?

The first step is to get to know your hair and hair type. We should know what healthy hair looks like and feels like. We should learn and understand what we can and cannot do with our hair. How many times did you go to a salon and insisted on having a specific hair color or look and ended up being disappointed? Maybe the hair color or your hair is not suitable for that style or look.

Know your hair type and texture

Get to know your hair by looking at it closely, touching it and feeling it. Not only will you befriend your hair but gain a sense of how healthy it is. You can try a few things to test your hair structure and condition. Find out if your hair is straight, curly or difficult to manage. Is it wiry, frizzy, hard, soft or smooth? Know the diameter of the hair and size (of the individual strands).


  • Gently pull up a strand of your hair.
  • Place it between your fingers and slide up and down a strand of your hair.
  • If it feels hard and wiry and looks thick then it is most likely coarse.
  • If it feels soft, fine and smooth and looks thin, then it is fine.

Hair can also be soft and thick or hard and thin.


Hair needs moisture to survive and stay healthy and shiny. The diameter of the hair strands (thick, medium or fine) determines its ability to absorb moisture or chemicals.


Gently pull down a few strands from your scalp to your face, if it bounces back, it is porous, if it bounces somewhat it is normal and if it bounces up just a little then it is resistant.

Thick hair does not absorb moisture and chemicals for as good as fine hair does. So! the more porous the hair is the more it can get damaged by chemicals and other procedures.


When hair is springy and has a shiny appearance about it, it stretches and bounces back to its natural original size when gently pulled, then it is referred to as having good elasticity.


Gently pull a few stands up or down, if it returns to its original length, then its elasticity is good, if it does not bounce back or breaks, then its elasticity is poor.

Poor elasticity indicates that you are probably overdoing too much washing, wrong product use, chemicals (relaxer, coloring) hair drying, or hair ironing.

Hair structure

Although we tend to think that our hair is there for beauty and to express ourselves. The original purpose of hair is quite different and very simple. It was meant to be there to cover our head, to protect from blows, and to keep our head warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Although we think our hair is adaptable and flexible we should keep in mind that it is also delicate.

Regardless of the type of hair we have, it is composed of a mix of hard chemicals that are processed under our scalp. The hair that we see above the scalp, is the hair shaft or strand. Each strand comes out of a tube-like pit in the skin called a follicle attached to the bottom of what is called the papilla.

The papilla is where the hair’s source of blood, nutrients, and new cells. When the cells in the papilla multiply, they form a single hair made out of three layers. The outer layer of the hair shaft is composed of transparent, overlapping cells that look like the scales of a fish. These scale-like (called cuticle) protect against moisture loss, harmful chemicals from penetrating deep into the core of the hair.

Interesting is! that curly or kinky hair (which is mistaken for strong, adaptable hair) has fewer cuticle (the scale-like) than straight hair, hence they are less protected and prone to more damage than straight hair. Each time we perform excessive hair drying, curling iron or chemical treatment, the hair loses a lot of moisture and breaks, leading to dry hair and hair loss.

To treat hair loss (unless through health problems) we must go to the core of the problem and sometimes need to get professional consulting.

Dose super curly-hair grow

There is a myth, that super curly or extremely curly hair doesn’t grow or grows too slow. Wrong! Hair grows all the time. Normal hair approximately grows an average of one-to-one half-inch per month. The average head has 120,000 strands of hair. We lose an average of between 50 to 100 daily. Over time our hair thins out with age but still grows.

It’s not that the hair doesn’t grow, its the chemical treatments, the wrong tools and the bad nutrition, not to forget stress that cause breakage. Many illnesses affecting our bodies show warning signs in the hair. So! while our hair is still growing we hardly notice it.

Moving towards the basics is step one Get down to the basics. Most hair is delicate. Chemicals, heat overdoing, using the wrong tools can all damage our hair. Healthy and great looking hair should be a daily routine and not just a “sometimes” thing.

Understanding your hair type and addressing its needs will not only make you aware of the treatments your hair needs but will help you select the best styles for your hair. Happy hair makes a happy you.

And it all starts with a simple weekly hair care routine. Check out my Haircare routines on how to shampoo, condition and using the right hair tools.

Please leave a comment, and if you have any questions I will be happy to answer them. Thank you for reading.


  1. Thanks for explaining so much about hair. I didn’t know that the actual purpose of hair was to protect us from close. But it does provide some cushion so if you were walking through the woods and the acorns fall off the trees, they wouldn’t hurt your head that much. Thank you for explaining how to test if your hair is elastic or fine or coarse. That is good to know because it’s good to take care of your hair.

    thank you for your expertise on the subject. I think I will continue reading your articles about taking care of your skin and hair, because those are such an important subjects. Have a nice day.

    • Thank you for taking the time to read my article. Yes it takes personal experience plus research which leads to personal knowledge that I like to share. I find myself learning as I go. Thank you very much for your feedback it motivates me to continue writing. I have the intention to write more and I am glad it interests you. thanks

  2. Thanks for the information on whether really curly hair grows!  Full disclosure, I’m not the main target of this article, but because my hair is CRAZY I always shop in the section made for this type of hair.  I have thick but normal, slightly dry hair with a slight wave to it back home in Montana.  

    I moved to Louisiana and it became about taming the beast and conquering humidity!  I now have pretty curly hair that frizzes BAD and is STILL thick as all get out.  Even my hair strands are thick.  Which is why I like shopping in the ethnic aisle for hair stuff!  My hair will afro if left alone.  So I learned a couple of tricks.  

    Washing my hair less often has helped a TON.  Using hair masks have also helped to smooth and strengthen my hair.  I don’t comb or brush my hair when wet, except with a wide-tooth comb, because that causes breakage too.  Now my hair is mostly better (as long as I put a smoothing conditioner in it and it doesn’t get wet in the rain).  My hair is actually longer than it has EVER been too!  Nearly down to my rear.  

    But I never did figure out the TYPE of hair I have other than thick or dry.  I have no idea of the elasticity so I’ll have to test that.  Thanks again for the tip!

    • Thank you tons for your feedback. I am so happy that my personal experience and my long research on hair is paying off.

      I come from a family with all types of hair. My mum and my son have straight hair, my dad kinky my sister very fine and curly, my brother thick and curly and my daughter curly like yours which frizzes in humid and rainy weather (and we live in Germany where is is cold and rainy) for my daughter it is a nightmare. I grew up my hair was very curly like yours, then it got less curly and now its almost straight lol. Living in North Africa where women do so much with their hair and use all natural ingredients, oils herbs, essential oils etc, I decided its time to share my experience learn and give. I hope to aim an audience of curly to very curly to kinky hair. thank you so much you motivated me a lot thanks. 

  3. Hello there, thanks for sharung such wonderful post. I have heard alot about hair having different types but I have no idea how to identity them. Reading through this post have given me a better understanding of my hair and I’ll love to carry out the test on mine to see which one it is. Nice being here.

    • Thank you for taking the time to read my article. I am glad to hear that it helped you. I try to put as much info and as simple as possible. Your comment motivated me to continue thank you very much.

  4. Hi,

    Excellent article about care for curly hair. To many misconception, I had before which gone after I read this article. You explain everything about the care for curly here in very well, which anyone can follow to take care of their hair. One of my colleagues, who from Africa-she has curly hair and she said that’s why her hair growth is kit good. But I don’t think she is right, so I am gonna share this article with her then she can look after her curly hair in very well.

    • Thank you very much. I lived and grew up in North Africa and in a community where women do a lot with their hair and busy themselves with oils and herbs it always amazed me. I am glad you like it. Your comment motivates me. A lot more content will follow and I hope your colleague finds the information useful. I would answer any question she might have in the comments below the article. Thank you very much.

  5. I think a lot of us might overdo our haircare or at times, think we’re doing good to our hair when we might actually be doing more harm. However, it might just be lack of understanding of hair type and for many, it’s an easy fix even if it may be a daily, long-term commitment. 

  6. Hello Patricia,
    The truth and after reading such an infomative post I have not given my hair the importance it deserves. I observe especially many women due to the chemicals they use to have their hair in very bad condition. 

    As you explain it is a part that has pores where it breathes and hydrates. It is useful to protect ourselves at all times. 

    Do not use products that may harm your guidance, help and much.
    Thank you! Claudio

    • Hallo! thank you for taking the time to read my article. I motivates me to continue and that my personal experience and research has paid off. I will certainly continue on my quest to share more, thank you.

  7. Thanks for your awesome website! I think it would be cool to get a youtube channel too for like instructional videos. When you were describing the hair, and the process of how to hold it, I wasn’t able to understand, and would like a drawing, or ideally a video so that you can clarify the process.

    I love brands that do videos. Maybe Tik Tok too. I don’t know if you have ever been on there, but it is great. Show that beautiful hair off!

    • Hi! thank you very much for your feedback. Yes! a video would surly be very helpful because some people understand visual content better or it makes it easier for them to understand. Thank you very much for the tip and I will surely work on implementing visual content in the near future. 

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